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  • Maitland mobilization; Cyriax mobilization; McKenzie mobilization and exercise, Rocobardo Temporomandibular joint dysfunctions (1980s)


  • Acupuncture – all modules (C Liggins, 1989 – 1998)


  • Traditional Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion Diploma Acupuncture SA (1991, 1992)


  • Advanced Acupuncture Beijing, China (World Health Organisation1994)


  • Chan Gunn Intramuscular Stimulation Needling Course for World Institute of Pain (Eilat, Israel 1999)


  • Acupuncturist (Allied Health Professions Council SA 2005)


  • Courses of British Medical Acupuncture Society and European Medical Acupuncture Society (2002- ongoing),


  • Pain Congresses and courses in Europe, Middle East (Turkey, Israel, Egypt and Libya), USA and Australia of the International Association for the Study of Pain, World Institute of Pain and World Society of Pain Clinicians now known as the International Forum on Pain Medicine (1995-present).


  • Principles of Pain PMPG and Pain, Mind and Movement Group Centurion 16-17 October 2010

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